Tuesday, July 17, 2018 by Ralph Flores
The South American blastomycosis, also referred to as paracoccidioidomycosis, is a progressive fungal infection that affects the lungs, skin, lymph nodes, and internal organs. The condition is caused by the Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, which can be transmitted to humans through inhalation of spores.
In most cases, the South American blastomycosis do not present any symptoms. If it does, this is usually years after a patient has inhaled the fungus. Healthcare professionals diagnose the infection through tissue samples.
The infections are localized in Central and South America (particularly Brazil), hence the name. It often affects healthy individuals, most of which work in coffee growing and agriculture. However, it can also affect those with a compromised immune system, either because of a disorder or the use of immunosuppressants.
The incubation period for South American blastomycosis varies per individual: Symptoms can occur anywhere from a few weeks to years after exposure to P. brasiliensis and are highly dependent on which area of the body is affected.
If left untreated, South American blastomycosis could lead to the following complications.
Currently, no information exists on specific food items or diets that may prevent or treat South American blastomycosis.
Healthcare professionals usually prescribe oral administrations of the drug itraconazole to treat South American blastomycosis. On average, a patient takes it for six to 12 months. Other options include trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole; however, these must be taken long-term (two to five years, on average). Amphotericin B can also be used in severe cases, given its adverse side effects.
South American blastomycosis is a progressive fungal infection that affects the lungs, skin, lymph nodes, and internal organs.
South American blastomycosis is caused by the fungus P. brasiliensis.
South American blastomycosis can be transmitted to humans through inhalation of spores.
South American blastomycosis does not usually present any symptoms. The incubation period for South American blastomycosis varies per individual.
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