Sorbitan monostearate sources, health risks

Saturday, October 28, 2017 by

Sorbitan monostearate is a waxy powder that is used as an emulsifier that keep water and oils mixed. It is produced from sorbitol and stearic acid, which is a normal fatty acid from vegetable or animal origin. The substance is used in the production of some food and healthcare products. It is a non-ionic surfactant with emulsifying, dispersing, and wetting functions. Moreover, sorbitan monostereate is used as a rehydration aid in the production of active dry yeast and as a synthetic flavoring substance and adjuvant. As a food additive, sorbitan monostearate also functions as a blender and flavor enhancer.

Sorbitan monostearate is made from corn, palm oil, and petroleum. It does not spoil, so it sometimes can be used as a replacement for dairy products in baked goods and other liquid products. This substance can be found in candy, ice cream, flavored milk, baking items, cake mix, icing, whipping cream, cake mixes, puddings, whipped vegetable-oil toppings, cookie coatings, solid-state edible vegetable fat, cream substitutes, coconut spread, beverages, confectionery, and as a protective covering on fruits and vegetables.

Other names for sorbitan monostearate include Fema 3028, Emalex Spe-100s, Arlacel 60, Span(Tm) 60, Span 60, Span(R) 60, and Span No 60.

Sorbitan monostearate has a chemical formula of C24H46O6 and has an E number of E491.

Harmful effects that can be caused by sorbitan monostearate

Sorbitan monostearate can be harmful to the body in some ways. Previous study showed that an increase in gastric motility was shown in two individuals that were given high single oral doses of sorbitan monostearate. Moreover, some indication of weak skin sensitization potential has been observed in man. The substance can also cause irritation when applied to the skin multiple times, according to a study in rabbits. Other studies also observed acute toxicity, although low, to rats and repeated oral administration affected the kidney, liver, and blood of rats. It also induced gastrointestinal disturbances in dogs and hamsters.

Body systems harmed by sorbitan monostearate

Sorbitan monostearate can harm the integumentary system as it can cause irritation in the skin. In addition, sorbitan monostearate is bad for the digestive system. High levels of the substance can cause liver enlargement.

Where to learn more

Summary

Sorbitan monostearate, with an E number of E491, is commonly used as an emulsifier. It is produced from sorbitol and stearic acid. It is also used as a surfactant, disperser, wetter, flavor enhancer, and blender. It is used in the production of food and healthcare products.

Sorbitan monostearate is also known as Fema 3028, Emalex Spe-100s, Arlacel 60, Span(Tm) 60, Span 60, Span(R) 60, or Span No 60.

Sorbitan monostearate can increase gastric motility and weak skin sensitization. It also has low acute toxicity in the kidney, liver, and blood of rats and caused gastrointestinal disturbances in dogs and hamsters.

Sorbitan monostearate can cause skin irritation and liver enlargement.

Sources include:

WorldOfChemicals.com

Food-Info.net

SaveOurBones.com

Bibra-Information.co.uk

ToxNet.NLM.NIH.gov

BeFoodSmart.com



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