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Propanil — toxicity, side effects, diseases and environmental impacts

Saturday, November 11, 2017 by

Propanil, which goes by its trade names such as Arrosol, Bay 30130, DPA, DCPA, Stam, Stan 80 EDF, Stam M-4, Stampede, Wham DF, Wham EZ, Cekupropanil, Chem-Rice, Dropaven, Erban, FW-734, Herbax, Prop-Job, Propanex, Propanilo, Riselect, S10145, Strel, Supernox, Surcopur, Surpur, and Vertac, is a general use pesticide and belongs to toxicity class II of the Unites States Environmental Protection Agency.

List of known side effects

Propanil is bad for the skin. It can cause cyanosis, or the discoloration to a bluish or purplish hue of the mucous membranes due to skin tissues having low oxygen saturation.

Propanil, when heated, produces vapors that cause dizziness or suffocation.

Propanil is toxic to birds at doses of 196 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) for bobwhite quails and 275 mg/kg for mallard ducks. In the same vein, it is toxic to aquatic life – doses of 5.4 milligrams per liter (mg/l) for bluegill sunfish, 2.3 mg/l for rainbow trout, 4.6 mg/l for sheepshead minnows, 0.14 mg/l for Daphnia magna, 0.4 mg/l for mysid shrimp, and 5.8 mg/l for Eastern oyster.

Body systems affected by propanil

Propanil is bad for the ocular system. It causes major irritations to the eyes when it gets into contact or when it is rubbed into them.

Propanil is bad for the excretory system. It can negatively impact the liver and the blood. One of these negative impacts is its tendency to cause methemoglobinemia, which is characterized by elevated levels of methemoglobin in the blood.

Items that can contain propanil

Propanil is a chemical that is contained in some herbicides that are used in killing grasses and weeds in rice, potatoes, and wheat.

How to avoid propanil

The best way to avoid propanil is to find an alternative chemical product that can cause less occupational toxicity, harm, or injury to people or contamination to the environment. Barring this, we must remember to wear protective clothing when handling this chemical and washing our hands after coming into contact with it. We must also remember to properly dispose of this chemical so that it won’t affect air, soil, or water quality and animal and plant life, and would adhere to environment and public health regulations.

Where to learn more


Propanil is bad for the skin.

Propanil, when heated, produces vapors that cause dizziness or suffocation.

Propanil is bad for the ocular and excretory systems.

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