Proctitis – causes, side effects and treatments at NaturalPedia.com

Wednesday, June 13, 2018 by

Proctitis refers to the inflammation of the lining tissue in the inner rectum. The condition is described to be painful and uncomfortable, and it may result in a constant urge to defecate. It is typically caused by underlying medical conditions, such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, anal trauma, and infections. In some cases, this may be caused by rectal infections that occur after antibiotic use and radiation treatments for ovarian, anal, rectal, or prostate cancer. There are two types of proctitis – ulcerative and gonorrheal – which are identified based on how the condition is contracted. Gonorrheal proctitis, in particular, is transmitted through sexual contact.

Known side effects of proctitis

The side effects of proctitis include discomfort, bleeding, and the discharge of mucus or pus. Its symptoms include bloody stools, constipation, rectal bleeding, rectal discharge or pus, rectal pain or discomfort, and tenesmus or pain with bowel movements.

Body systems harmed by proctitis

The body systems harmed by proctitis are the digestive system and excretory system.

List of foods or nutrients that prevent proctitis

Although there is no information on what foods or nutrients prevent proctitis, there are foods that can help reduce its symptoms. Eating food items that are rich in fiber can make stools softer and easier to pass, preventing constipation. However, this is not advisable if the condition is caused by ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease, as a diet rich in fiber may exacerbate the symptoms. Nutritional supplements or vitamins, such as omega-3 fatty acids, probiotics, vitamin C, and vitamin E, can also help improve the symptoms of proctitis.

Treatments, management plans for proctitis

Treatments for proctitis depend on the underlying cause of the inflammation. Treating proctitis caused by an infection may include antibiotics and antivirals, while those caused by radiation therapy include medications and stool softeners, as well as procedures targeted to destroy damaged tissues, such as laser therapy and argon plasma coagulation. Treatment options for proctitis caused by an inflammatory bowel disease may include medications to control rectal inflammation and surgery.

Where to learn more

Summary

Proctitis is an inflammation of the rectum that causes discomfort, bleeding, and the discharge of mucus or pus.

Proctitis causes blood in stools, constipation, rectal bleeding, rectal discharge or pus, rectal pain or discomfort, and tenesmus or pain with bowel movements.

Proctitis harms the digestive system and excretory system.

Foods rich in fiber may help ease symptoms of proctitis, except when it is caused by ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.

Treatments for proctitis vary depending on their causes, which include antibiotics and antivirals; medications, stool softeners, and treatment to destroy damaged tissues, such as laser therapy and argon plasma coagulation; medications to control rectal inflammation and surgery.

Sources include:

Healthline.com

RareDiseases.org

MedlinePlus.gov

NIDDK.NIH.gov

TipDisease.com



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