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Preleukemia – causes, side effects and treatments at

Wednesday, June 13, 2018 by

Preleukemia refers to a condition where there is not enough blood cell production from the bone marrow, where it has a chance to progress into acute leukemia. It is also known as myelodysplastic syndrome or smoldering leukemia.

This illness is common in older people or those who have been previously exposed to leukemogenic agents. About 86 percent of those who were diagnosed with preleukemia were aged over 60 years old – mostly men as they are more prone to developing this disease than women.

Known risk factors and symptoms of preleukemia

The following are the common symptoms of preleukemia.

  • Always feeling tired or fatigued
  • Fewer red and white blood cells
  • Reduced appropriate inflammatory response to infection
  • More susceptible to bacterial infection.
  • Prone to bruising and bleeding due to low platelet count

There are times when patients don’t experience any symptoms and only find out they’re suffering from the condition after having blood tests meant to check-up for a different illness.

Meanwhile, here are some risk factors of preleukemia.

  • History of undergoing chemotherapy
  • Previous exposure to radiation therapy
  • Long-term exposure to high levels of benzene or toluene
  • Exposure to heavy metals
  • Stem cell or one marrow transplants

Early detection is advantageous, so a patient can immediately have it treated before it becomes acute leukemia.

Body systems affected by preleukemia

Due to a low white cell count, preleukemia may cause complications of anemia. Patients are also at risk of transfusional iron overload, and/or the possibility of developing acute leukemia.

Those suffering from preleukemia should also be mindful about infection and bleeding – especially during dental checkups – since they may cause bleeding gums. Furthermore, treatment for this condition has side effects like nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and fever. Side effects vary, depending on the type of treatment taken.

Food items or nutrients that may prevent or relieve preleukemia

For preleukemia prevention, it’s said that it is best to follow a diet that is rich with red-orange colored foods. These are usually high in copper and pigments that are related to red blood cells. Consuming at least 200 mL of freshly mixed juice made of beetroot, carrot, and celery is also good in protecting yourself against this condition.

Purple coneflower aids in the growth of antibodies which makes it beneficial to the body. Meanwhile, nettles increase the number of red blood cells in the bloodstream.

Treatment and management options for preleukemia

By far, there is no exact treatment for preleukemia, but experts say that smoking cessation may lower the risk. Moreover, natural remedies such as hydrogen peroxide, curcumin, and gingerol are effective in preventing the condition from further progressing.

In worse cases, treatments like radiation and chemotherapy may be advised, depending on the severity of the condition.

Where to learn more


Preleukemia is a group of blood disorders that may cause a patient to have low levels of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

People suffering from this condition may feel fatigue, become more prone to infections, and are more vulnerable to bruising and bleeding.

If not immediately attended to, preleukemia may develop into acute leukemia.

To prevent this, experts recommend eating food that red-orange in color, and drink a freshly mixed drink of beetroot, carrot, celery. Meanwhile, it has no exact treatment yet, but hydrogen, curcumin, and gingerol can help stop the condition from becoming worse.

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