Wednesday, May 30, 2018 by Janine Acero
Osteoarthritis (OA) refers to joint inflammation due to cartilage degeneration. Cartilage is the tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage absorbs the shock of movement. When you lose cartilage, your bones rub together. Over time, this rubbing can permanently damage the joint.
OA is the most common form of arthritis. It is sometimes called degenerative joint disease or “wear and tear” arthritis. It commonly occurs in the hands, hips, and knees. It usually develops slowly and gets worse over time. OA causes pain, stiffness, and swelling, and can lead to disability.
OA commonly affects women more than men, after the age of 50 years, but it can also can affect younger people after a traumatic injury.
The following are the symptoms of osteoarthritis, which mainly affects the joints:
The individual may also notice that:
Developing OA is highly likely with the following risk factors:
OA can cause joint pain, stiffness and swelling, as well as reduced joint function and disability. It can restrict a person’s ability to do daily tasks. In some cases, affected individuals are not able to work completely. Severe cases may require joint replacement surgery, particularly for knee or hip OA.
Affected individuals will be encouraged to maintain a healthy weight to reduce the pressure on the joints.
Studies have suggested that some types of OA respond positively to a diet high in flavonoids and antioxidants, which are essential anti-inflammatory nutrients found in fruits and vegetables.
Eating foods high in the following may help provide relief from OA symptoms by reducing inflammation and swelling:
There is no cure for OA; treatment only relieves symptoms and maintain joint movement. Treatment involves a combination of therapies, which may include:
In addition to medical treatment, people with OA can manage their condition with self-management strategies proven to reduce pain and disability, so they can pursue the activities important to them.
Osteoarthritis (OA) refers to joint inflammation due to cartilage degeneration. It is the most common type of arthritis.
OA is the most common form of arthritis, which commonly occurs in the hands, hips, and knees. OA can cause pain, stiffness, and swelling, and can lead to disability.
Tagged Under: Tags: Osteoarthritis