Thursday, May 24, 2018 by Ralph Flores
Motor neuron disease (MND), also referred to as motor neurone disease, is a collective term for a group of diseases that progressively damage the motor nerves in the brain, brainstem, and spinal cord. A person with MND will first experience it from his arms or legs, which will also affect the shoulders and other muscles. These will then become damaged and stop working eventually, resulting in a wasting of muscles. The condition may interfere with speech, chewing and swallowing, but it does not impair his touch, taste, sight, smell, or hearing.
There are various types of MNDs: These may start differently, but in later stages, these will overlap with each other.
The effects of MND vary for each person. For some, they may not exhibit all symptoms, or the rate of progression may vary as well.
MNDs affect two sets of motor neurons – the upper and lower motor neurons. In particular, lower motor neurons affect the skeletal muscles as well as all voluntary movement.
All MNDs are progressive in nature, and complications include the following.
Keeping a balanced diet is a key factor in managing MND. In particular, as the condition progresses, it affects eating and swallowing; therefore, energy-dense food items can cut back the time it takes for a person with MND to eat. However, the texture of the food item should be appropriate for the patient, without compromising flavor and variety. The person should also have an adequate fluid intake to support bowel function and prevent urinary tract infection.
The following food groups should be eaten every day
In particular, a diet heavy on plant-based food is recommended, with moderate amounts of animal food.
Currently, there is no cure for MND. At best, symptomatic and supportive treatment may help people with the condition and improve their quality of life.
Motor neuron disease (MND) is a collective term for a group of diseases that progressively damage the motor nerves.
MNDs have various types which may start differently but will overlap in later stages.
MND symptoms vary for each person.
Currently, no cure for MND exists.
Tagged Under: Tags: Motor neuron disease