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Hyperuricaemia – causes, side effects and treatments at

Wednesday, April 25, 2018 by

Hyperuricaemia is a condition in which there is too much uric acid in the blood. The normal uric acid levels are 2.4 to 6.0 milligrams per deciliter (ml/dL) for women and 3.4 to 7.0 mg/dL for men. Uric acid formation may occur when the blood uric acid level exceed 7 mg/dL. Uric acid goes through the liver and enters the bloodstream. Most of it is removed from the body through urine, or it passes through the intestines to regulate normal levels.

There are two types of hyperuricaemia: primary hyperuricaemia and secondary uricemia. Primary hyperuricaemia occurs when there is an increase in the production of uric acid from purine, which is a nitrogen-containing compound that breaks down into uric acid. Purine can be found in foods, such as red meat, organ meat, seafood, beans, asparagus, spinach, peas, lentils, oatmeal, cauliflower, and mushrooms. It can also be caused by kidneys that are unable to remove uric acid in the blood. On the other hand, secondary hyperuricaemia can be a result of another disease or condition, such as cancers, kidney disease, or endocrine or metabolic conditions.

Known side effects of hyperuricaemia

Hyperuricaemia may lead to other complications, such as gout, acute uric acid nephropathy, uric acid nephrolithiasis, and chronic kidney disease, including kidney stones. Gout may cause symptoms such as severe pain in the joints, stiffness in the joints, difficulty moving affected joints, redness and swelling, and misshapen joints. Kidney stones, in turn, can cause pain or ache in the lower back, side, abdomen, or groin, nausea, increased urge to urinate, pain when urinating, difficulty urinating, blood in the urine, and foul-smelling urine. If a person has an infection in the kidney, he may experience fever or chills.

Body systems harmed by hyperuricaemia

The body systems harmed by hyperuricaemia are the musculoskeletal, excretory, and the circulatory systems.

List of foods or nutrients that prevent hyperuricaemia

Foods that prevent hyperuricaemia include the following:

  • Apples
  • Apple cider vinegar
  • French bean juice
  • Water
  • Cherries
  • Berries, especially strawberries and blueberries
  • Fresh vegetable juices, like carrot juice with beetroot juice and cucumber juice
  • Low fat dairy products
  • Lime
  • Foods rich in vitamin C, such as kiwi, guava, kiwi, oranges, lemon, tomato, and other green leafy vegetables
  • Olive oil
  • Celery seed
  • Pinto beans
  • Foods rich in fiber, such as oats, apples, oranges, broccoli, pears, strawberries, blueberries, cucumbers, celery, carrots, and barley
  • Bananas
  • Green tea
  • Grains
  • Foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as flax-seeds, fish such as salmon, mackerel, herring, sardines, and walnut

Treatments, management plans for hyperuricaemia

Treatment options for hyperuricaemia depend on its cause. If it is caused by gout, treatments may include medications that can help prevent or reduce the severity of gout. For kidney stones, treatment options may include drinking a lot of water and taking over-the-counter pain medications until the stones pass or undergoing a surgery to remove the stones.

Where to learn more


Hyperuricaemia is a condition in which there is excess uric acid in the blood.

Hyperuricaemia results in gout, acute uric acid nephropathy, uric acid nephrolithiasis, and chronic kidney disease, including kidney stones.

Hyperuricaemia can be prevented by eating apples, vitamin C-rich foods, omega-3-rich foods, fiber-rich foods, and some fruits and vegetables.

Hyperuricaemia can be treated by medications or surgery, depending on its cause.

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