Tuesday, April 17, 2018 by Janine Acero
Cholesterol is a fatty substance (lipid) that is vital for optimal functioning of the body. Cholesterol is carried in your blood by proteins. When these two substances combine, they become lipoproteins.
The two main types of lipoprotein are:
The body uses cholesterol to produce hormones and the bile acids that help digest fat. It takes only a small amount of cholesterol in the blood to meet these needs.
High cholesterol occurs when the levels of bad cholesterol in your blood are high enough to cause health problems.
High cholesterol is increasingly common with age and can be caused by dietary choices. Examples of foods high in cholesterol include:
Any excess cholesterol in the bloodstream may pile up in the walls of the arteries that supply blood to various parts of your body, including the brain and heart. Blocked arteries can lead to serious health conditions.
High cholesterol itself has no symptoms, but it increases your risk of serious health conditions such as strokes, heart attacks, peripheral artery disease, and other heart diseases.
High cholesterol levels are due to a variety of factors including:
The amount of cholesterol in the blood – both HDL and LDL – can be measured with a blood test.
High cholesterol levels in the blood lead to the buildup of plaque in blood vessels throughout the body known as atherosclerosis. Over time, chronic high cholesterol can cause serious complications including the following:
According to Harvard Health, the following food items actively decrease bad cholesterol levels:
Besides diet, it is recommended to adjust your lifestyle to ensure a healthy balance of cholesterol in the body. These changes will reduce the risk of coronary heart disease and heart attack:
High cholesterol occurs when the levels of bad cholesterol in your blood are high enough to cause health problems such as strokes, heart attacks, peripheral artery disease, and other heart diseases.
High cholesterol is increasingly common with age. Other risk factors include heredity, diet and lifestyle.
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