Thursday, December 07, 2017 by Frances Bloomfield
Cadusafos is an organophosphate insecticide and nematocide (pesticide to kill nematode worms). Though shown to be effective at controlling nematodes and soil-born insects, cadusafos has been banned from use in numerous countries. This is because cadusafos was found to be highly toxic to humans and non-target animals, and has a tendency to bioaccumulate.
According to PesticideInfo.org, cadusafos can be highly dangerous due to it being an organophosphorus compound. Firstly, this means that cadusafos is a cholinesterase inhibitor or chemical that inhibits the degradation of acetylcholine, an enzyme that plays a role in proper nervous system function. If the body is unable to break down or remove acetylcholine, this can cause the muscles to move uncontrollably.
In addition to cholinesterase inhibition, poisoning by organophosphorus compounds such as cadusafos can cause a wide array of symptoms, including but not limited to:
These symptoms tend to manifest when cadusafos has been ingested. Should cadusafos be inhaled, then the symptoms may be:
Should severe poisoning occur, then the affected person can experience incontinence, seizures, and loss of consciousness.
Dermal contact with cadusafos is particularly harmful, as the skin can absorb this material. Once absorbed, systemic effects may follow. The risk of systemic injury increases if the skin has cuts or bruises since cadusafos can pass into the bloodstream through these openings. In addition, cadusafos has been observed interacting with fats or oils and de-greasing the skin, leading to non-allergenic contact dermatitis.
Cadusafos is a combustible material that can produce irritating, corrosive, or toxic gases on ignition; however, cadusafos doesn’t readily nor easily ignite.
Far from just negatively impacting human beings, cadusafos can be highly toxic to birds and earthworms, and moderately toxic to fish, aquatic invertebrates and honeybees.
Depending on the route of exposure, cadusafos can affect the eyes, skin, respiratory and digestive systems. As an organophosphorus compound, cadusafos can affect the central nervous system as well.
Cadusafos has been marketed under such trade names as Ruby SC and Apache, and was usually supplied as a spray or capsule suspension to be mixed in with water.
Moreover, cadusafos has been used on crops like:
In order to decrease the risk of cadusafos exposure, those who continue to work with this material should adhere to the following safety measures:
Cadusafos is a largely obsolete insecticide that can result in health complications when inhaled or swallowed, or if direct contact happens. Apart from irritating or damaging the eyes, skin, digestive and respiratory systems, cadusafos can cause problems for the nervous system too since it is an anti-cholinesterase agent.
Tagged Under: Tags: Cadusafos