Wednesday, January 10, 2018 by Zoey Sky
Bacterial vaginosis (BV), also called nonspecific vaginitis, is a vaginal condition that can produce vaginal discharge. It is caused by an overgrowth of certain types of bacteria in the vagina.
Bacterial vaginosis was previously called Gardnerella vaginitis, after the bacteria that allegedly caused the condition. However, the newer name, bacterial vaginosis, indicates that there are a number of species of bacteria that naturally live in the vaginal area and may grow to excess, instead of a true infection with foreign bacteria, like what happens with many sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs).
The Gardnerella organism is not the only type of bacteria that can cause the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis. Other kinds of bacteria that can cause bacterial vaginosis are Lactobacillus, Bacteroides, Peptostreptococcus, Fusobacterium, Eubacterium, along with types. When these multiple species of bacteria that normally reside in the vagina are unbalanced, a woman can have vaginal discharge with a foul odor.
Side effects of bacterial vaginosis include:
Risk factors for BV include:
Women with BV may notice the following physical findings:
If left untreated, BV can cause:
The following foods or nutrients can help prevent BV:
Bacterial vaginosis is easily diagnosed using a sample of vaginal fluid. It can be treated with some antibiotics, which may be given orally or in the form of a topical cream or ointment inserted into the vagina.
Do take note that BV can recur, even after antibiotic treatment. The treatment of male sexual partners is generally not recommended.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a vaginal condition that can produce vaginal discharge. It is caused by an overgrowth of certain kinds of bacteria in the vagina.
Symptoms of BV include vaginal odor and vulvar irritation.
BV is easily diagnosed using a sample of vaginal fluid. It can be treated with antibiotics.
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