Wednesday, January 03, 2018 by Rhonda Johansson
It is common knowledge that we are constantly exposed to mold. For the most part, inhalation of these spores do little to no damage. However, those with a compromised immune system or chronic lung problems are more vulnerable to developing an allergic reaction to the mold. This condition is called aspergillosis.
Aspergillosis technically refers to the adverse reaction to the Aspergillus fumigatus, a type of mold commonly found in plants, soil, or rotting vegetable matter. It can be even found in some marijuana leaves and in various spices.
There are six types of aspergillosis.
Roughly 10 percent of people with cystic fibrosis or asthma develop aspergillosis.
The condition has several symptoms that can range from mild to severe, depending on the type acquired.
Pulmonary aspergillosis is characterized by coughing (sometimes with blood or mucus), wheezing, fever, chest pain, and having difficulties breathing.
Invasive aspergillosis includes fever, chills, kidney or liver failure, shock, bloody cough, massive bleeding from the lungs, and difficulties in breathing.
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis may cause bloody cough, fever, wheezing, increased mucus or sputum secretions, and the inability to tolerate exercise.
The other three varieties can have a mix of the aforementioned symptoms.
The condition generally affects the lungs but may spread to other organs.
Treatment plans will depend on the type of aspergillosis you have. Patients are normally recommended to corticosteroid therapy that may or may not include nasal washes with amphotericin or itraconazole. Severe cases may require surgery to remove nasal polyps and inspissated mucus.
Aspergillosis is an allergic reaction to a common type of mold. The condition can be mild to severe depending on the variety acquired. Those most at risk are those with a compromised immune system.
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